Hiromi Takayama received her Ph.D. in Foreign Language and ESL Education from the University of Iowa. For the last thirteen years, Hiromi, a native speaker of Japanese, has taught Japanese as a foreign language, ESL, and EFL at four diverse colleges. She also taught a teacher education course, based on her dissertation, which focused on language teacher efficacy and identity development by comparing non-native and native language teachers. Her research interests include grammar pedagogy, teacher education, teachersâ€™ professional development, and cultural influences on language teaching and learning. Her goal of teaching is to promote language learnersâ€™ intercultural competency and critical thinking skills.